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First Aid response to Allergic Reactions.This application is an animated walk through of what to do when faced with someone experiencing a severe allergic reaction (Anaphylactic Shock). full voiceover in English.
Common triggers to a severe allergic reaction include insect bites or stings, foods, medication and latex rubber. A reaction can occur within minutes or over hours.the most common areas affected are skin, respiratory, gastrointestinal, heart and vasculature, and the central nervous system.
Symptoms -Skin – Itchiness, flushing, generalised hives and swelling of the lips, tongue or throat. Respiratory – Shortness of breath or wheezing. Gastrointestinal – Abdominal pain, diarrhoea, and vomiting.Cardiovascular – Coronary artery spasm.Nervous system – Light-headedness or loss of consciousness.Anaphylaxis is an acute multi-system severe Type-1-Hypersensitivity reaction and can occur in response to any allergen.
Anaphylactic shock is anaphylaxis associated with systemic vasodilation which results in low blood pressure. It is also associated with severe bronchoconstriction to the point where the individual is unable to breathe.
CausesMany foods can trigger anaphylaxis. the most common are peanut, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, milk, and egg. Severe cases are usually the result of ingesting the allergen.any medication may potentially trigger anaphylaxis. the most common to do so include antibiotics, aspirin, ibuprofen, and other analgesics. Venom from stinging or biting may induce anaphylaxis in susceptible people.
Created with the help of the Australian Red Cross.
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