it is also known as SLE or lupus. Lupus is an autoimmune disease characterized by acute and chronic inflammation of various tissues of the body.
Patients with lupus produce abnormal antibodies in their blood that target tissues within their own body rather than foreign infectious agents.
Because the antibodies and accompanying cells of inflammation can affect tissues anywhere in the body, lupus has the potential to affect a variety of areas. sometimes lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and/or nervous system.
when only the skin is i nvolved, the condition is called lupus dermatitis or cutaneous lupus erythematosus.
A form of lupus dermatitis that can be isolated to the skin, without internal disease, is called discoid lupus.
when internal organs are involved, the condition is referred to as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).
The disease can affect all ages but most commonly begins from 20 to 45 years of age.
The precise reason for the abnormal autoimmunity that causes lupus is not known. Inherited genes, viruses, ultraviolet light, and certain medications may all play some role.
Fatigue low-grade fever loss of appetite Muscle aches Arthritis Ulcers of the mouth and nose Facial rash (“butterfly rash”) Unusual sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity) The skin rash in discoid lupus often is found on the face and scalp, usually red and may have raised borders, usually painless and do not itch. Inflammation of the lining that surrounds the lungs (pleuritis) and the heart (pericarditis) Poor circulation to the fingers and toes with cold exposure (Raynaud’s phenomenon).
The 11 criteria used for diagnosing systemic lupus erythematosus are -malar (over the cheeks of the face) “butterfly” rash, -discoid skin rash (patchy redness with hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation that can cause scarring) -photosensitivity -mucous membrane ulcers -arthritis -pleuritis or pericarditis -kidney abnormalities -brain irritation (manifested by seizures ) -blood-count abnormalities (low counts of white or red blood cells, or platelets, on routine blood testing) -immunologic disorders -antinuclear antibody (positive ANA antibody testing)
there is no permanent cure for SLE. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and protect organs by decreasing inflammation and the level of autoimmune activity in the body. Patients with SLE need more rest, ample of sleep and exercise. Corticosteroids.
THUJA: it is a left sided drug Dirty brown colour of the skin Eruptions burn violently after scratching Pains are more when walking Pains are better by rest and exercise SILICEA: it is the top ranking remedy for promoting and controlling the process of inflammation Delicate, pale waxy and unhealthy skin with offensive sweat PSORINUM: Skin looks dirty and unhealthy even after thorough washing The eruptions are dry, scaly or moist with severe itching The skin is very much sensitive to atmospheric changes Complaints increase due to heat of sun Relieved by perspiration PHOSPHORUS: Burning pain is the main feature Restlessness is another key feature Aggravated mainly on lying left side and evenings PHYTOLACCA: Mainly affects the right side of the body Pains are like electric shock, lancinating from one place to another Aggravation from motion and warm application Relieved by rest
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